2019年12月四级真题第一套.pdf

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1、2019年12月四级真题(第1套)Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to a foreign friend who wants to teach English in China. Please recommend a city to him. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 80 words Part II Section A Listening Comp。

2、rehension (25 minutes) Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and then questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choic。

3、es marked A) , B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard. 1. A) Many facilities were destroyed by a wande门ng cowB) A wande门ng cow knocked down one of its fencesC) Some t。

4、ourists were injured by a wande门ng cowD) A wande门ng cow was captured by the police2. A) It was shot to death by a police officerC) It became a great attraction for touristsB) It found its way back to the parks zooD) It was sent to the皿mal control departmentQuestions 3 and 4 are based on the news rep。

5、ort you have just heard. 3. A) It is the largest of its灼ndC) It is displaying more fossil specimens4. A) A collection of bird fossils from AustraliaC) Some ancient wall pa画ngs from AustraliaB) It is going to be expandedD) It is sta巾ng an online exhibitionB) Photographs of cert扣n rare fossil exhibits。

6、D) Pictures by winners of a wildlife photo contestQuestions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard. 5. A) Pick up trashC) Deliver messages6. A) They are especially血elligentC) They are quite easy to tame7. A) Children may be harmed by the rooksC) Children may contract bird diseasesB)。

7、 Amuse visitorsD) Play with childrenB) They are childrens favoriteD) They are clean and prettyB) Children may be tempted to drop litterD) Children may overfeed the rooksSection B Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear - 1 -fo。

8、ur questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A) B) C)and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre Questions 8 to 11 are bas。

9、ed on the conversation you have just heard. 8. A) It will be produced at Harvard UniversityC) It will cover different areas of science9. A) It will be more futuristicC) It will be more enterta血ng10. A) People血erested m scienceC) Children in their early teens11. A) Offer professional adviceC) Help pr。

10、omote it on the InternetB) It will be hosted by famous professorsD) It will focus on recent scientific discovenesB) It will be more systematicD) It will be easier to understandB) Youngsters eager to exploreD) Students maJonng m scienceB) Provide financial supportD) Make episodes for its first season。

11、Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 12. A) UnsureB) Helpless13 .A) He is too concerned with being perfect C) He is too ambitious in achieving goals14 .A) Embarrassed B) Unconcerned15 .A) Try to be optimistic whatever happens C) Always learn from othersachievementsSe。

12、ction C C) ConcernedD) DissatisfiedB) He loses heart when faced with setbacksD) He takes on projects beyond his abilityC) MiserableD) ResentfulB) Compare his present with his past onlyD) Treat others the way he would be treatedDirections: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of 。

13、each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through。

14、 the centre Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. 16. A) They have a stronger sense of social responsibility. B) They are more likely to succeed in the huma血iesC) They are more likely to become engmeers17. A) Praise girls who like to speak up frequentlyC) Insist that boys 。

15、and girls work together more18.A) Offer personalized teaching materialsC) Place great emphasis on test scoresD) They have greater potential to be leadersB) Encourage girls to solve problems on their ownD) Respond more positively to boys commentsB) Provide a variety of optional coursesD) Pay extra at。

16、tention to top studentsQuestions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. A) It often r扣ns cats and dogsB) It seldom rains in summer timeC) It does not面n as much as people thinkD) It is one of the most r扣ny cities in the US- 2 -e ram 1s usually very light20. A) They drive most of t。

17、he time.B) Th C) They have got used to the r扣n.D) The r扣n comes mostly at night21. A) It has a lot of places f or entertamment.B) It has never seen thunder and lightningC) It has fewer cloudy days than any other coastal city. D) It has mild weather both in summer and in灼nterQuestions 22 to 25 are ba。

18、sed on the passage you have just heard. 22. A) It occurs when people are doing a repetitive activityB) It results from exe巾ng ones muscles con血uouslyC) It happens when people engage in an uncommon activityD) It comes from stra血ng ones muscles in an unusual way23. A) Blood flow and body heat increase。

19、 in the affected areaB) Body movements in the affected area become difficultC) They begin to make repairs immediatelyD) They gradually become fragmented24. A) About one weekC) About ten days25. A) Apply muscle creamsC) Have a hot showerPart III Section A B) About two daysD) About four weeksB) Drink 。

20、plenty of waterD) Take pa皿killersReading Comprehension (40 minutes) Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making 。

21、your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. When travelling overseas, do you buy water in plastic bottles or t。

22、ake your chances with tap water? Imag皿you are wande门ng about on a Thai island or 26 the血ns of Angkor. Its hot so you grab a bottle of water from a local vendor. Its the safe 血ng to do, right? The bottle is 27 , and the label says pure water. But maybe whats inside is not so 28 . Would you still be d。

23、ri心ng it if you knew that more than 90 percent of all bottled water sold around the world 29 microplastics? Thats the conclusion of a recently 30 study, which analysed 259 bottles from 11 brands sold m mne countries, 31 an average of 325 plastic particles per litre of water. These microplastics incl。

24、uded a 32 commonly known as PET and widely used in the manufacture of clo血ng and food and 3 3 cont扣ners. The study was conducted at the State University of New York on behalf of Orb Media, a journalism org画sationAbout a million bottles are bought every血nute, not only by thirsty tourists but also by 。

25、many of the 2 .1 billion worldwide who live with unsafe dri心ng water Confronted with this 34 , several bottled-water manufacturers including Nestle and Coca-Cola undertook their own studies u匀ng the same methodology. These studies showed that their water did cont扣n microplastics, but far less than t。

26、he Orb study suggested. Regardless, the World Health Org画sation has launched a review血othe 3 5 health risks of drinking water from plastic bottles A) adequateI) naturalB) admi门ngJ) potential- 3 -C) cont扣nsK) releasedD) defen小ngL) revealingE) evidenceM) sealedF) mstantN) solvesG) liqmd0) substanceH) 。

27、modifiedSection B Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragra。

28、ph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 The quiet heroism of mail delivery A On Wednesday, a polar灼nd brought bitter cold to the Midwest. Overnight , Chicago reached a low of21 degrees Fahrenheit below zero, ma灼ng it slightly colder than。

29、 Antarctica (南极洲),Alaska, and the North Pole Wind chills were 64 degrees below zero in Park Rapids, Minnesota and 45 degrees below zero in Buffalo, North Dakota, acco咄ng to the National Weather Service. Schools, restaurants, and bu匀nesses closed, and more than 1,000 flights were canceled B Even the 。

30、United States Postal Service (USPS) suspended mail delivery. Due to this arctic outbreak andconcerns for the safety of USPS employees, USPS announced Wednesday mo血ng, the Postal Service is suspen小ng delivery Jan. 30 in some 3-digit ZIP Code locations. Twelve regions were listed as unsafe on Wednesda。

31、y, on Thursday, eight rem扣nedC As global surface temperatures increase, so does the likelihood of extreme weather. In 2018 alone,wildfires, volca血eruptions, hurricanes, mudslides, and other natural disasters cost at least $49 billion in the United States. As my colleague Vann Newkirk reported, Puert。

32、o Rico is still confro血ng economic and structural destruction and resource scarcity from 2017s Hurricane Maria. Natural disasters can wreck a communitys infrastructure, disrup血g systems for months or years. Some services, however, re血nd us that life will eventually return, in some form, to nom叫D Day。

33、s after the deadly 2017 wildfires in Santa Rosa, California, a drone (无人机)caught footage (连续镜头) of a USPS worker, Trevor Smith, driving through burned homes in that familiar white van, colle叫ng mail in an affected area. The video is stri灼ng : The operation is familiar, but the scene looks like the e。

34、nd of the world Acco咄ng to Rae Ann Haight, the program manager for the national-preparedness office at USPS, Smith was fulfilling a request made by some of the home owners to pick up any mail that was left untouched. For Smith, this was just another day on the job. I followed my route like I normall。

35、y do, Smith told a reporter. As I came across a box that was up but with no house, I checked, and there was mailoutgoing mailin it. And so we picked those up and carried on E USPS has sophisticated emergency plans for natural disasters. Across the country, 285 emergencymanagement teams are devoted t。

36、o crisis control. These teams are tr扣ned annually u匀ng a framework known as the three Ps : people, property, product. A仕er mail service stops due to weather, the agencys top priority is ens叩ngthat employees are safe. Then it evaluates the health of infrastructure, such as the roads that mail carrier。

37、s drive on Finally, it decides when and how to re-open operations. If the destruction is extreme, mail addressed to the area will get sent elsewhere. In response to Hurricane Kat门na in 2005, USPS redirected皿o血ng New Orleans mail to ex函ng mail facilities in Houston. Mail that was already processed in。

38、 New Orleans facilities was moved to an upper floor so it would be protected from water damage F As soon as its safe enough to be outside, couriers(邮递员)start distribu血g accumulated mail on thestill-accessible routes. USPS urges those without stan小ng addresses to file change-of-address forms with the。

39、ir new location. After Hurricane Kat门na hit in 2005, mail facilities were set up in dozens of locations across the - 4 -country in the two weeks that USPS was unable to provide street delivery G Every day, USPS processes, on average, 493.4 million pieces of mailanything from postcards toSocial Secur。

40、ity checks to med虹ne. Spokespeople from both USPS and UPS told me all mail is important. But some mail can be extremely sensitive and timely. Acco咄ng to data released in January 2017, 56 percent of bills are paid online, which means that just under half of payments still rely on delivery services to。

41、 be completed H It can be hard to identify which parcels are carrying crucial items such as Social Security checks, butUSPS and UPS try their best to prioritize sensitive material. They will coo咄nate with the Social Security Adm血stration to make sure that Social Security checks reach the right peopl。

42、e in a timely fashion. After Hurricane Florence and Hurricane Michael last fall, USPS worked with state and local election boards to make sure that absentee ballots were available and received or time I Mail compa血s are log础cs(物流)compa血s, which puts them in a special position to help whendisaster st。

43、rikes. In a 2011 USPS case study, the agency emphasized its massive infrastructure as a unique federal asset to be called upon in a disaster or terrorist attack. I think were unique as a federal agency, USPS official Mike Swigart told me, because were in literally every community in this countryWere。

44、 obligated to deliver to that po血 on a daily basis J Private courier compa血s, which have more dollars to spend, use their expertise in logistics to heprevitalize damaged areas after a disaster. For more than a decade, FedEx has supported the American Red Cross m its effort to get emergency supplies 。

45、to areas affected by disasters, both domestically and 血emationally. In 2012, the company distributed more than 1,200 MedPacks to Medical Reserve Corps groups in California. They also donated space for 3 .1 million pounds of charitable shipping globally. Last October, the company pledged $1 million i。

46、n cash and transportation support for Hurricanes Florence and Michael. UPSs charitable arm, the UPS Foundation, uses the companys logistics to help disaster-struck areas rebuild. We realize that as a company with people, trucks, warehouses, we needed to play a larger role, said Eduardo Ma巾nez, the p。

47、resident of the UPS Foundation. The company employs its trucks and planes to deliver food, med虹ne, and water. The day before I spoke to Ma巾nez in November, he had beer to血ng the damage from Hurricane Michael in Florida with the American Red Cross. We have an obligation to make sure our communities a。

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